Biosensing utilizing magnetic markers and superconducting quantum interference devices

Keiji Enpuku, Yuya Tsujita, Kota Nakamura, Teruyoshi Sasayama, Takashi Yoshida

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿評論記事

6 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Magnetic biosensing techniques that are based on the use of bio-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (magnetic markers) and superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) are expected to have various advantages when compared with conventional biosensing methods. In this paper, we review the recent progress made in magnetic biosensing techniques. First, we describe the most important parameters of magnetic markers that are intended for use in biosensing, i.e., the magnetic signal and the relaxation time that are determined by the Brownian and/or Néel relaxation mechanisms. We note that these parameters are significantly dependent on the marker size, and as a result, commercial markers exhibit a wide variety of values for these key parameters. Next, we describe three measurement methods that have been developed based on the magnetic properties of these markers, i.e., AC susceptibility, relaxation and remanence-based measurement methods. The weak (picotesla-range) signals emitted by the markers can be measured precisely with a SQUID system using these methods. Finally, we give examples of biosensing for in vitro and in vivo medical diagnosis applications. For in vitro diagnosis, high-sensitivity detection of various biological targets has been demonstrated without use of any washing process to separate the bound and free markers. For in vivo applications, detection of the quantities and the three-dimensional positions of the markers that have been injected into the test subject are demonstrated. These results confirm the effectiveness of magnetic biosensing techniques.

元の言語英語
記事番号053002
ジャーナルSuperconductor Science and Technology
30
発行部数5
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 3 17 2017

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SQUIDs
markers
interference
Remanence
Washing
Relaxation time
Magnetic properties
Nanoparticles
magnetic signals
washing
remanence
alternating current
relaxation time
magnetic properties
magnetic permeability
nanoparticles
sensitivity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

これを引用

Biosensing utilizing magnetic markers and superconducting quantum interference devices. / Enpuku, Keiji; Tsujita, Yuya; Nakamura, Kota; Sasayama, Teruyoshi; Yoshida, Takashi.

:: Superconductor Science and Technology, 巻 30, 番号 5, 053002, 17.03.2017.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿評論記事

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abstract = "Magnetic biosensing techniques that are based on the use of bio-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (magnetic markers) and superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) are expected to have various advantages when compared with conventional biosensing methods. In this paper, we review the recent progress made in magnetic biosensing techniques. First, we describe the most important parameters of magnetic markers that are intended for use in biosensing, i.e., the magnetic signal and the relaxation time that are determined by the Brownian and/or N{\'e}el relaxation mechanisms. We note that these parameters are significantly dependent on the marker size, and as a result, commercial markers exhibit a wide variety of values for these key parameters. Next, we describe three measurement methods that have been developed based on the magnetic properties of these markers, i.e., AC susceptibility, relaxation and remanence-based measurement methods. The weak (picotesla-range) signals emitted by the markers can be measured precisely with a SQUID system using these methods. Finally, we give examples of biosensing for in vitro and in vivo medical diagnosis applications. For in vitro diagnosis, high-sensitivity detection of various biological targets has been demonstrated without use of any washing process to separate the bound and free markers. For in vivo applications, detection of the quantities and the three-dimensional positions of the markers that have been injected into the test subject are demonstrated. These results confirm the effectiveness of magnetic biosensing techniques.",
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AU - Enpuku, Keiji

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AU - Yoshida, Takashi

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N2 - Magnetic biosensing techniques that are based on the use of bio-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (magnetic markers) and superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) are expected to have various advantages when compared with conventional biosensing methods. In this paper, we review the recent progress made in magnetic biosensing techniques. First, we describe the most important parameters of magnetic markers that are intended for use in biosensing, i.e., the magnetic signal and the relaxation time that are determined by the Brownian and/or Néel relaxation mechanisms. We note that these parameters are significantly dependent on the marker size, and as a result, commercial markers exhibit a wide variety of values for these key parameters. Next, we describe three measurement methods that have been developed based on the magnetic properties of these markers, i.e., AC susceptibility, relaxation and remanence-based measurement methods. The weak (picotesla-range) signals emitted by the markers can be measured precisely with a SQUID system using these methods. Finally, we give examples of biosensing for in vitro and in vivo medical diagnosis applications. For in vitro diagnosis, high-sensitivity detection of various biological targets has been demonstrated without use of any washing process to separate the bound and free markers. For in vivo applications, detection of the quantities and the three-dimensional positions of the markers that have been injected into the test subject are demonstrated. These results confirm the effectiveness of magnetic biosensing techniques.

AB - Magnetic biosensing techniques that are based on the use of bio-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (magnetic markers) and superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) are expected to have various advantages when compared with conventional biosensing methods. In this paper, we review the recent progress made in magnetic biosensing techniques. First, we describe the most important parameters of magnetic markers that are intended for use in biosensing, i.e., the magnetic signal and the relaxation time that are determined by the Brownian and/or Néel relaxation mechanisms. We note that these parameters are significantly dependent on the marker size, and as a result, commercial markers exhibit a wide variety of values for these key parameters. Next, we describe three measurement methods that have been developed based on the magnetic properties of these markers, i.e., AC susceptibility, relaxation and remanence-based measurement methods. The weak (picotesla-range) signals emitted by the markers can be measured precisely with a SQUID system using these methods. Finally, we give examples of biosensing for in vitro and in vivo medical diagnosis applications. For in vitro diagnosis, high-sensitivity detection of various biological targets has been demonstrated without use of any washing process to separate the bound and free markers. For in vivo applications, detection of the quantities and the three-dimensional positions of the markers that have been injected into the test subject are demonstrated. These results confirm the effectiveness of magnetic biosensing techniques.

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