To investigate the intracellular transport and maturation of lysosomal cathepsin D, we carried out an in vivo pulse-chase analysis with [35S] methionine in the primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. Cathepsin D was initially synthesized as a proenzyme of 45 kDa. The proenzyme was subsequently processed, becoming a mature enzyme of 43 kDa. The proenzyme and mature enzyme showed complete susceptibility to endoglycosidase H treatment, suggesting the presence of high-mannose type oligosaccharide chains. The effects of tunicamycin and chloroquine were also investigated. In the presence of tunicamycin, the 42.5-kDa unglycosylated precursor polypeptide appeared in the cell, and this protein was exclusively secreted from the cells without undergoing proteolytic processing. These results support the notion that the oligosaccharide moieties are of importance in addressing the lysosomal hydrolases to the lysosomes. However, in the presence of chloroquine, proteolytic processing of the proenzyme was prevented, and the enhanced release of proenzyme from the cells was observed. These results indicate that the processing of proenzyme to mature enzyme would take place in the lysosomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science