A series of thin films composed of liquid crystalline polymer (LCP) and low molecular weight liquid crystal (LMWLC) was prepared by a solvent‐casting method. LMWLC is miscible over a whole range of LCP concentrations in isotropic and mesomorphic states. The composite system formed a smectic phase in a LCP weight fraction range above 50%. Reversible and bistable electro‐optical effects based on light scattering were recognized for a smectic phase of the binary composite composed of LCP and LMWLC. A light scattering state appeared in the case of application of an a.c. electric field below a threshold frequency (fc). Furthermore, application of an a.c. field above fc made the transmission light intensity increase. Such phenomena were induced in conjunction with the two types of effect: one is an electric field effect based on the dielectric anisotropy of the mesogenic side chain; and the other is an electric current effect based on the electrohydrodynamic motion of the main chain. In the case of a smectic mesophase, the turbid and transparent states remained unchanged, even though the electric field is removed (memory effect).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics