Blood pressure control in hypertensive patients with a history of stroke

Yuko Ohta, Takuya Tsuchihashi, Setsuro Ibayashi, Kiyoshi Matsumura, Takanari Kitazono, Hiroaki Ooboshi, Masahiro Kamouchi, Koji Fujii, Mitsuo Iida

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

2 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

The targets for lowering blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive stroke patients remain unclear. We assessed the current status of BP control in hypertensive patients with a history of stroke, investigating 413 hypertensive patients (age range, 19 to 93; mean age, 62 ± 12 years) who visited the hypertension and stroke clinic at Kyushu University Hospital. We compared the clinical characteristics of these hypertensive patients with a history of stroke, including brain infarction, transient ischemic attack, and brain hemorrhage (age range, 29-86; mean age, 66 ± 12 years; n = 95) with those of patients without such a history (age range, 19-93; mean age, 61 ± 12 years; n = 318). Clinic BP was measured by physicians with a mercury sphygmomanometer, and the averaged BP determined at 2 occasions in 2002 was used for analysis. Systolic BP was similar among the patients with and without a history of stroke (134 ± 15 vs 137 ± 14 mm Hg; P = not significant), but diastolic BP was significantly lower in patients with stroke than in those without stroke (76 ± 10 vs 82 ± 10 mm Hg; P < .05). When strict BP control was defined as <130/85 mm Hg, the rate of strict BP control was higher in the stroke patients than in those without stroke (35.8% vs 19.8%; P < .01). The average number of antihypertensive drug classes used was similar in the 2 groups (1.7 ± 0.9 and 1.8 ± 1.0, respectively). Calcium antagonists were the most frequently used drugs in both groups. Diuretics and β-blockers were prescribed less frequently to the patient with ischemic stroke than to those without stroke. BP levels were lower in the patients with brain hemorrhage than in those with lacunar and atherothrombotic infarction. In our outpatient clinic, BP levels were lower in the stroke patients than in the patients without stroke, which may reflect physicians' awareness of the importance of strict BP control in stroke patients, as has been suggested by several recent clinical intervention trials.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)229-233
ページ数5
ジャーナルJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
14
発行部数6
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 11 1 2005

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Stroke
Blood Pressure
Intracranial Hemorrhages
Sphygmomanometers
Brain Infarction
Physicians
Lacunar Stroke
Transient Ischemic Attack
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Mercury
Diuretics
Antihypertensive Agents
History
Clinical Trials
Hypertension
Calcium

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

これを引用

Blood pressure control in hypertensive patients with a history of stroke. / Ohta, Yuko; Tsuchihashi, Takuya; Ibayashi, Setsuro; Matsumura, Kiyoshi; Kitazono, Takanari; Ooboshi, Hiroaki; Kamouchi, Masahiro; Fujii, Koji; Iida, Mitsuo.

:: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 巻 14, 番号 6, 01.11.2005, p. 229-233.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Ohta, Yuko ; Tsuchihashi, Takuya ; Ibayashi, Setsuro ; Matsumura, Kiyoshi ; Kitazono, Takanari ; Ooboshi, Hiroaki ; Kamouchi, Masahiro ; Fujii, Koji ; Iida, Mitsuo. / Blood pressure control in hypertensive patients with a history of stroke. :: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases. 2005 ; 巻 14, 番号 6. pp. 229-233.
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abstract = "The targets for lowering blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive stroke patients remain unclear. We assessed the current status of BP control in hypertensive patients with a history of stroke, investigating 413 hypertensive patients (age range, 19 to 93; mean age, 62 ± 12 years) who visited the hypertension and stroke clinic at Kyushu University Hospital. We compared the clinical characteristics of these hypertensive patients with a history of stroke, including brain infarction, transient ischemic attack, and brain hemorrhage (age range, 29-86; mean age, 66 ± 12 years; n = 95) with those of patients without such a history (age range, 19-93; mean age, 61 ± 12 years; n = 318). Clinic BP was measured by physicians with a mercury sphygmomanometer, and the averaged BP determined at 2 occasions in 2002 was used for analysis. Systolic BP was similar among the patients with and without a history of stroke (134 ± 15 vs 137 ± 14 mm Hg; P = not significant), but diastolic BP was significantly lower in patients with stroke than in those without stroke (76 ± 10 vs 82 ± 10 mm Hg; P < .05). When strict BP control was defined as <130/85 mm Hg, the rate of strict BP control was higher in the stroke patients than in those without stroke (35.8{\%} vs 19.8{\%}; P < .01). The average number of antihypertensive drug classes used was similar in the 2 groups (1.7 ± 0.9 and 1.8 ± 1.0, respectively). Calcium antagonists were the most frequently used drugs in both groups. Diuretics and β-blockers were prescribed less frequently to the patient with ischemic stroke than to those without stroke. BP levels were lower in the patients with brain hemorrhage than in those with lacunar and atherothrombotic infarction. In our outpatient clinic, BP levels were lower in the stroke patients than in the patients without stroke, which may reflect physicians' awareness of the importance of strict BP control in stroke patients, as has been suggested by several recent clinical intervention trials.",
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AU - Ohta, Yuko

AU - Tsuchihashi, Takuya

AU - Ibayashi, Setsuro

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AU - Kitazono, Takanari

AU - Ooboshi, Hiroaki

AU - Kamouchi, Masahiro

AU - Fujii, Koji

AU - Iida, Mitsuo

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