Background It is unclear whether prior endovascular therapy (EVT) adversely affects bypass surgery. The aim of this study is to investigate treatment outcomes between initial bypass (bypass-first) and bypass surgery after EVT (EVT-first). Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of critical limb ischemia patients undergoing infrapopliteal bypass between November 2006 and December 2015. Graft patency, limb salvage (LS), amputation-free survival (AFS), and overall survival (OS) were examined between bypass-first and EVT-first groups. Results The subjects in this study were 75 patients and 82 limbs in the bypass-first group and 24 patients and 24 limbs in the EVT-first group. The average age was higher in EVT-first group (P = 0.03). The percentage of inframalleolar bypass was higher in the EVT-first group (P = 0.002). Primary patency at 1 and 2 years was 72.0% and 67.5% for the bypass-first group and 53.1% and 47.2% for the EVT-first group, respectively (P = 0.04). Inframalleolar bypass was a risk factor for lower primary patency (hazard ratio 3.07, 95% confidence interval 1.18–8.51, P = 0.02) in multivariate analysis, while there were no differences in secondary patency, LS, AFS, and OS. Conclusions Bypass surgery after EVT has lower primary patency rates in comparison with primary bypass in patients submitted to infrapopliteal revascularization. Although very heterogeneous study population with a lot of bias in the indication of the revascularization, LS, OS and AFS are not affected by previous EVT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine