Calponin and h-caldesmon expression in atypical fibroxanthoma and superficial leiomyosarcoma

A. Sakamoto, Y. Oda, H. Yamamoto, Y. Oshiro, K. Miyajima, E. Itakura, S. Tamiya, Y. Honda, A. Ishihara, Y. Iwamoto, M. Tsuneyoshi

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

43 被引用数 (Scopus)


To evaluate smooth muscle differentiation, myogenic markers [desmin, alpha-smooth muscle actin (SMA), and muscle-specific actin (HHF35)] have been widely used. Calponin and h-caldesmon, which are cytoskeleton-associated actin-binding proteins, have been reported to be more specific myogenic markers, especially since myofibroblasts express a small amount of h-caldesmon. Atypical fibroxanthoma (AFX) occurs in the sun-exposed skin of the elderly and follows a benign clinical course. Histologically, AFX, which is a pleomorphic spindle cell tumor and considered to be a superficial variant of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, also mimics leiomyosarcoma. AFX has been thought to differentiate along pathways with fibrohistiocytic and myofibroblastic phenotypes. AFX (n=10), superficial leiomyosarcoma (S-LMS) (n=17) and benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH) (n=17) were analyzed for myofibroblastic and smooth muscle differentiation immunohistochemically from the viewpoint of comparison. AFX and BFH showed immunoreactivities respectively for calponin (3/10, 11/17), desmin (3/10, 1/17), SMA (3/10, 13/17), and HHF35 (1/10, 5/17), but failed to express h-caldesmon (0/10, 0/17). S-LMS had a high immunoreactive rate of calponin (17/17), desmin (13/17), SMA (16/17), and HHF35 (16/17), while also expressing caldesmon (11/17). The results reveal that AFX and BFH have immunoreactivities for several myogenic markers, with myofibroblastic differentiation (calponin: ±, h-caldesmon: -), but without the smooth muscle differentiation seen in S-LMS (calponin:+, h-caldesmon: ±). In addition, calponin and h-caldesmon are considered to be useful markers for distinguishing AFX from S-LMS.

ジャーナルVirchows Archiv
出版ステータス出版済み - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 病理学および法医学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学


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