Carbon/Sulfur Composites Stabilized with Nano-TiNi for High-Performance Li-S Battery Cathodes

Yuepeng Pang, Ying Xu, Yongtao Li, Fen Xu, Lixian Sun, Junhe Yang, Hai Wen Li, Shiyou Zheng

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

9 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In this work we proposed a novel strategy to prepare high-performance Li-S battery cathodes by nano-TiNi synergistically stabilizing C/S composites, whereby the TiNi/C/S hybrid composites were synthesized by infusing S gas into carbon black (CB) and nano-TiNi composites in vacuum. After several initial conditioning charge/discharge cycles, this unique TiNi/C/S hybrid nanocomposite cathode shows a high capacity (300 mAh/g based on total and 960 mAh/g based on S) with Coulombic efficiency of near 100% at 100 mA/g for around 300 cycles without obvious capacity decay. Due to its high electronic/ionic conductivity, the TiNi/C/S nanocomposite can retain an overall capacity of 150 mAh/g (480 mAh/g based on S) even at a higher current density of 10.0 A/g, demonstrating the outstanding rate capability. The exceptional performance of TiNi/C/S cathode can be ascribed to (i) the strong interactions between nano-TiNi and S to form metal disulfide clusters, (ii) the CB percolating throughout the composite to prevent nano-TiNi and metal sulfides particles from aggregating into large particles during lithiation/delithiation, (iii) the good electronic conductivity of TiNi and CB to facilitate transportation of electrons, and (iv) the flexibility of CB and TiNi alloy to accommodate large volumetric change during lithiation/delithiation. These synergistic interactions among TiNi, C and S provide a new material design strategy to achieve high overall performance of S cathodes for Li-S batteries.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)1537-1543
ページ数7
ジャーナルACS Applied Energy Materials
2
2
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2月 25 2019

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化学工学(その他)
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術
  • 電気化学
  • 材料化学
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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