We herein report a case of concurrent cardiac sarcoidosis and large-vessel aortitis detected by18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and followed up during immunosuppressive therapy. After high-dose prednisolone administration (1 mg/kg), serial FDG-PET showed that almost all of the abnormal FDG uptake in the heart and extracardiac region, including the abdominal to bilateral iliac arteries, had been disappeared. During the tapering of prednisolone, additive methotrexate therapy was needed to treat the recurrence of cardiac sarcoidosis. FDG-PET is a useful tool for detecting cardiac sarcoidosis concomitant with large-vessel aortitis and monitoring the effectiveness of immunosuppressive therapy.
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