Cardiovascular complications associated with chronic active epstein-barr virus infection

Jun Muneuchi, Shouichi Ohga, Masataka Ishimura, Kazuyuki Ikeda, Kenichiro Yamaguchi, Akihiko Nomura, Hidetoshi Takada, Yasunobu Abe, Toshiro Hara

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

22 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This study aimed to assess the outcome of cardiovascular diseases for patients with chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV). The study enrolled 15 patients (7 boys and 8 girls) who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for CAEBV, including 10 patients with T-cell type and 3 patients with natural killer (NK)-cell type. The median age at the CAEBV onset was 6.3 years (range, 1.2-17.8 years). Regular cardiologic studies were performed during the median follow-up period of 8 years (range, 2-20 years). Nine patients (60%) had cardiac diseases including coronary artery lesion (CAL) (n = 4, 44%), decreased left ventricular ejection fraction and pericardial effusion in (n = 3, 33%), complete atrioventricular block (n = 1), and sudden arrest (n = 1). The frequency of fever (78%, p = 0.04) or cytopenias (100%, p = 0.01), as the major symptom among patients with cardiac complications, was higher than among those without complications. The median time from disease onset to detection of CAL was 3.4 years (range, 1.8-8.6 years). The mean z-score increased to 3.98. Seven patients (78%) with cardiac complications died of disease progression, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation-related events, or both. In two patients, CAL regressed after allogeneic cord blood transplantation. Among CAEBV patients, CAL was the most common cardiac complication and could not be controlled without the eradication of EBV-infected T- and NK-cells.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)274-281
ページ数8
ジャーナルPediatric Cardiology
30
3
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 4 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 循環器および心血管医学

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