The efficacy of encorafenib plus binimetinib (E + B) combination therapy for BRAF-mutated advanced melanoma as second-line therapy and beyond is still unknown. In this report, we investigated 22 cases of BRAF-mutated advanced melanoma treated with E + B combination therapy. The objective response rate (ORR) for the total cohort was 68.4%. Notably, the ORR for the second-line and beyond cohort was 73.3%, suggesting that the therapeutic effect of E + B combination therapy is comparable with that of first-line targeted therapy. In contrast, overall survival and progress-free survival in our present cohort was worse than that in a previous clinical trial. Notably, although the incidence rate of severe adverse events was higher than that in a previous report, our present study suggested that E + B combination therapy is a well-tolerated antimelanoma regimen. Our present study suggested that the efficacy and safety profile of E + B combination therapy as a second-line therapy and beyond is comparable with that of first-line targeted therapy.
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