Highly enantioselective hydrogenation of N-protected indoles was successfully developed by use of the rhodium catalyst generated in situ from [Rh(nbd)2]SbF6 and the chiral bisphosphine PhTRAP, which can form a trans-chelate complex with a transition metal atom. The PhTRAP-rhodium catalyst required a base (e.g., Cs2CO3) for the achievement of high enantioselectivity. Various 2-substituted N-acetylindoles were converted into the corresponding chiral indolines with up to 95% ee. The hydrogenations of 3-substituted N-tosylindoles yielded indolines possessing a stereogenic center at the 3-position with high enantiomeric excesses (up to 98% ee).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry