It is known that protein kinase C (PKC) activity may be one of the fundamental cellular changes associated with memory function. Apolipoprotein E (apoE) deficiency causes cholinergic deficits and memory impairment. ApoE-deficient mouse has been employed as a serviceable model for studying the relation between apoE and the memory deficit induced by cholinergic impairment. Brain-fatty acid binding protein (b-FABP) might be functional during development of the nervous system. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) is involved in the early change in lipid metabolism. We investigated the alterations not only in cerebral PKC activity, but also in the gene expressions of PKC-β, brain-FABP and PPAR-α in apoE-deficient mice. The results showed that there was a lower cerebral membrane-bound PKC activity in the apoE-deficient mice than in its wild type strain (C57BL/6). But there were no significant differences in cytosolic PKC activity. PKC-β, b-FABP and PPAR-α mRNA expressions in cerebrum were lowered in apoE-deficient mice. These findings may be involved in the dysfunction of the brain neurotransmission system in apoE-deficient mouse. Alternatively, these results also suggest that cerebral apoE plays an important role in brain PKC activation by maintaining an appropriate expression of b-FABP and PPAR-α mRNAs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)