Cardiopulmonary polygraphy (PG) demonstrates not only parameters for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) but also hemodynamics. We previously developed a software that detects lung to fingertip circulation time (LFCT) derived from PG dataset and reported that those LFCT reflected the cardiac output. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the LFCT changes during clinical course and whether reflects the impact of in-hospital treatment on cardiac function. Consecutive patients (N = 89) who admitted to the cardiovascular division, underwent PG at the early and late phase of admission. Parameters for SDB and LFCT were compared between an acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) group (n = 51) and non-ADHF group (n = 38). ADHF group was further divided into subgroups: preserved ejection fraction (pEF) (EF > 40%) and reduced EF (rEF) (EF ≤ 40%). Using our original algorithm, we obtained LFCT values from all of the patients, though 29.4% of ADHF and 44.7% of non-ADHF had no or mild SDB. LFCT significantly shortened in the ADHF-rEF group, in contrast to ADHF-pEF group or non-ADHF group (ADHF-rEF group: 26.9 ± 7.6 to 24.2 ± 6.1 s, p = 0.01; ADHF-pEF group: 25.3 ± 7.3 to 25.3 ± 6.9 s, p = 0.98; non-ADHF group: 21.5 ± 5.5 to 21.9 ± 5.0 s, p = 0.65). The respiratory disorder index in the ADHF group improved after treatment, irrespective of EF (pEF: 26.9 ± 16.1 to 15.8 ± 11.9/h, p < 0.01; rEF: 27.0 ± 16.5 to 20.7 ± 13.6/h, p = 0.03). Automatic detection of LFCT was feasible in almost all cardiac patients. LFCT value changed according to the heart failure treatment in ADHF-rEF patients and reflected cardiac function. LFCT might be a useful indicator of effective cardiac disease treatment.
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