Solid hydrides are a new class of ionic conductors promising for future applications for hydrogen-carrier, catalysis, and energy conversion. The record-high H− conductivity reported for LaH2.5O0.25 is caused by extraordinarily large pre-exponential factor, which cannot be justified within any simple diffusion picture. To reveal H− dynamics in LaH2.5O0.25 on atomistic level, we developed DFT-based neural-network-potential for large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and discovered the H− diffusion mechanism: the stoichiometric vacancies are ordered and almost immobile, but they can be rarely kicked-out and become fast mobile vacancies that migrate in a coupled manner with 3H− ring-like rotations. The MD and DFT phonon analysis reveal that the mobile vacancy formation gives rise to an extremely large entropy leading to the anomalously large pre-exponential factor, and that the anharmonicity of H− vibrations causes the large pre-exponential factor. A design concept for faster H− conductor is proposed based on the present finding.
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