Purpose: In the treatment guidelines for major depressive disorder (MDD), the recommended treatment differs based on the severity. However, the type of treatment provided based on the severity of MDD in real-world clinical practice has not been investigated. In this study, we clarified the actual situation of MDD treatment in clinical practice and compared the treatment based on the severity of MDD. Methods: We used data from 1484 patients with MDD at discharge from October 2016 to March 2020. Results: The number of psychotropic prescriptions tended to be lower in those diagnosed with MDD in the severe group compared to in the non-severe group. There were significant differences among the three groups (mild, moderate/severe, and psychotic) in the percentage of patients who were not prescribed antipsychotics (p = 1.9 ×10-6), a combination of antipsychotics and antidepressants (p = 5.0 ×10-4), and the implementation rate of modified electroconvulsive therapy (m-ECT) (p = 3.4 ×10-9). The percentage of patients with a severe diagnosis who underwent m-ECT was higher, which corresponded to the severity. Conclusion: Our findings showed that the use of psychotropics decreased when the severity of MDD was diagnosed, and the rate of a combination of antipsychotics and antidepressants and the implementation rate of m-ECT increased with the severity. However, this study suggests that there is still an evidence-practice gap in the treatment of MDD in Japan, and guidelines are only partially adhered to in the treatment of depression.
!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes