Characterization of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity of X-Hyp-Gly-Type Tripeptides: Importance of Collagen-Specific Prolyl Hydroxylation

Yuki Taga, Osamu Hayashida, Ahmed Ashour, Yhiya Amen, Masashi Kusubata, Kiyoko Ogawa-Goto, Kuniyoshi Shimizu, Shunji Hattori

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Hydroxyproline (Hyp) is a collagen-specific amino acid formed by post-translational hydroxylation of Pro residues. Various Hyp-containing oligopeptides are transported into the blood at high concentrations after oral ingestion of collagen hydrolysate. Here we investigated the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity of X-Hyp-Gly-type tripeptides. In an in vitro assay, ginger-degraded collagen hydrolysate enriched with X-Hyp-Gly-type tripeptides dose-dependently inhibited ACE and various synthetic X-Hyp-Gly-type tripeptides showed ACE-inhibitory activity. In particular, strong inhibition was observed for Leu-Hyp-Gly, Ile-Hyp-Gly, and Val-Hyp-Gly with IC50 values of 5.5, 9.4, and 12.8 μM, respectively. Surprisingly, substitution of Hyp with Pro dramatically decreased inhibitory activity of X-Hyp-Gly, indicating that Hyp is important for ACE inhibition. This finding was supported by molecular docking experiments using Leu-Hyp-Gly/Leu-Pro-Gly. We further demonstrated that prolyl hydroxylation significantly enhanced resistance to enzymatic degradation by incubation with mouse plasma. The strong ACE-inhibitory activity and high stability of X-Hyp-Gly-type tripeptides highlight their potential for hypertension control.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)8737-8743
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
66
発行部数33
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 8 22 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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