Characterization of d-amino acid aminotransferase from Lactobacillus salivarius

Jyumpei Kobayashi, Yasuhiro Shimizu, Yuta Mutaguchi, Katsumi Doi, Toshihisa Ohshima

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

12 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

We searched a UniProt database of lactic acid bacteria in an effort to identify d-amino acid metabolizing enzymes other than alanine racemase. We found a d-amino acid aminotransferase (d-AAT) homologous gene (UniProt ID: Q1WRM6) in the genome of Lactobacillus salivarius. The gene was then expressed in Escherichia coli, and its product exhibited transaminase activity between d-alanine and α-ketoglutarate. This is the first characterization of a d-AAT from a lactic acid bacterium. L. salivarius d-AAT is a homodimer that uses pyridoxal-5′-phosphate (PLP) as a cofactor; it contains 0.91 molecules of PLP per subunit. Maximum activity was seen at a temperature of 60 °C and a pH of 6.0. However, the enzyme lost no activity when incubated for 30 min at 30 °C and pH 5.5 to 9.5, and retained half its activity when incubated at pH 4.5 or 11.0 under the same conditions. Double reciprocal plots of the initial velocity and d-alanine concentrations in the presence of several fixed concentrations of α-ketoglutarate gave a series of parallel lines, which is consistent with a Ping-Pong mechanism. The Km values for d-alanine and α-ketoglutarate were 1.05 and 3.78 mM, respectively. With this enzyme, d-allo-isoleucine exhibited greater relative activity than d-alanine as the amino donor, while α-ketobutylate, glyoxylate and indole-3-pyruvate were all more preferable amino acceptors than α-ketoglutarate. The substrate specificity of L. salivarius d-AAT thus differs greatly from those of the other d-AATs so far reported.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)15-22
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic
94
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 1 1 2013

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Transaminases
Amino acids
Alanine
Amino Acids
Pyridoxal Phosphate
Enzymes
Genes
Lactic acid
Lactic Acid
Bacteria
Alanine Racemase
Phosphates
Isoleucine
Substrate Specificity
Pyruvic Acid
Escherichia coli
Lactobacillus salivarius
Genome
Databases
Molecules

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

これを引用

Characterization of d-amino acid aminotransferase from Lactobacillus salivarius. / Kobayashi, Jyumpei; Shimizu, Yasuhiro; Mutaguchi, Yuta; Doi, Katsumi; Ohshima, Toshihisa.

:: Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, 巻 94, 01.01.2013, p. 15-22.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Kobayashi, Jyumpei ; Shimizu, Yasuhiro ; Mutaguchi, Yuta ; Doi, Katsumi ; Ohshima, Toshihisa. / Characterization of d-amino acid aminotransferase from Lactobacillus salivarius. :: Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic. 2013 ; 巻 94. pp. 15-22.
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abstract = "We searched a UniProt database of lactic acid bacteria in an effort to identify d-amino acid metabolizing enzymes other than alanine racemase. We found a d-amino acid aminotransferase (d-AAT) homologous gene (UniProt ID: Q1WRM6) in the genome of Lactobacillus salivarius. The gene was then expressed in Escherichia coli, and its product exhibited transaminase activity between d-alanine and α-ketoglutarate. This is the first characterization of a d-AAT from a lactic acid bacterium. L. salivarius d-AAT is a homodimer that uses pyridoxal-5′-phosphate (PLP) as a cofactor; it contains 0.91 molecules of PLP per subunit. Maximum activity was seen at a temperature of 60 °C and a pH of 6.0. However, the enzyme lost no activity when incubated for 30 min at 30 °C and pH 5.5 to 9.5, and retained half its activity when incubated at pH 4.5 or 11.0 under the same conditions. Double reciprocal plots of the initial velocity and d-alanine concentrations in the presence of several fixed concentrations of α-ketoglutarate gave a series of parallel lines, which is consistent with a Ping-Pong mechanism. The Km values for d-alanine and α-ketoglutarate were 1.05 and 3.78 mM, respectively. With this enzyme, d-allo-isoleucine exhibited greater relative activity than d-alanine as the amino donor, while α-ketobutylate, glyoxylate and indole-3-pyruvate were all more preferable amino acceptors than α-ketoglutarate. The substrate specificity of L. salivarius d-AAT thus differs greatly from those of the other d-AATs so far reported.",
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AB - We searched a UniProt database of lactic acid bacteria in an effort to identify d-amino acid metabolizing enzymes other than alanine racemase. We found a d-amino acid aminotransferase (d-AAT) homologous gene (UniProt ID: Q1WRM6) in the genome of Lactobacillus salivarius. The gene was then expressed in Escherichia coli, and its product exhibited transaminase activity between d-alanine and α-ketoglutarate. This is the first characterization of a d-AAT from a lactic acid bacterium. L. salivarius d-AAT is a homodimer that uses pyridoxal-5′-phosphate (PLP) as a cofactor; it contains 0.91 molecules of PLP per subunit. Maximum activity was seen at a temperature of 60 °C and a pH of 6.0. However, the enzyme lost no activity when incubated for 30 min at 30 °C and pH 5.5 to 9.5, and retained half its activity when incubated at pH 4.5 or 11.0 under the same conditions. Double reciprocal plots of the initial velocity and d-alanine concentrations in the presence of several fixed concentrations of α-ketoglutarate gave a series of parallel lines, which is consistent with a Ping-Pong mechanism. The Km values for d-alanine and α-ketoglutarate were 1.05 and 3.78 mM, respectively. With this enzyme, d-allo-isoleucine exhibited greater relative activity than d-alanine as the amino donor, while α-ketobutylate, glyoxylate and indole-3-pyruvate were all more preferable amino acceptors than α-ketoglutarate. The substrate specificity of L. salivarius d-AAT thus differs greatly from those of the other d-AATs so far reported.

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