Background: Only a few studies have investigated epidemiological and clinicopathological information regarding pediatric and adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with renal disease. The purpose of this study was to clarify the differences and relationship of clinicopathological findings between pediatric and AYA patients using the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J-RBR). Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed data from patients registered in the J-RBR between 2007 and 2017. Clinicopathological findings at diagnosis were analyzed for 3,463 pediatric (age < 15 years) and 6,532 AYA (age 15–30 years) patients. Results: Although chronic nephritic syndrome was the most common clinical diagnosis at age > 5 years, nephrotic syndrome was the most frequent diagnosis at age < 4 years. The most common pathological diagnosis as classified by pathogenesis in pediatric patients was primary glomerular disease (except IgA nephropathy), whereas IgA nephropathy was increased in AYA patients. Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis was the most common pathological diagnosis as classified by histopathology in both pediatric and AYA patients. Minor glomerular abnormalities were the most frequent histopathologic diagnoses of nephrotic syndrome in childhood, but their frequency decreased with age. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of clinicopathological features of pediatric and AYA patients in a large nationwide registry of renal biopsy. There were differences of clinical, pathological and histopathologic findings between pediatric and AYA patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes