Background: Clinicopathological significance of monoclonal IgA deposition and its relation to bone marrow abnormalities in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) remains unclear. Methods: We retrospectively investigated the prevalence and clinicopathological significance of monoclonal IgA deposition in 65 patients with IgAN. Serum-free light chain ratio, and urinary Bence Jones protein were also measured. Results: Thirty-nine percent of patients were men, median age was 40 and median observation period was 31 months. Five patients (Group M) showed monoclonal IgA lambda deposition and one showed monoclonal IgA kappa deposition. Fifty-nine patients (Group P) showed polyclonal IgA deposition. There were no significant differences in the degree of proteinuria, hematuria and renal function between Group M and Group P. Total protein and albumin were significantly lower in Group M than in Group P. According to the Oxford classification, the percentage of patients with M1 was significantly higher in Group M than in Group P. One patient in Group P showed serum monoclonal IgG lambda. No patient showed abnormal serum-free light chain ratio. Seventy-five percent in Group M and 42 % in Group P were treated with steroid. Three patients in Group P progressed to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The frequency of disappearance of proteinuria or hematuria and progression to ESRD was not different between the groups. Conclusions: The prevalence of monoclonal IgA deposition was 9.2 %. Although some parameters differed between the groups, renal outcome were similar. Thus, IgAN with monoclonal IgA deposition seems not to be different entity from those with polyclonal IgA deposition.
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