Primary colorectal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is rare, and its clinicopathological and genetic features are poorly understood. The aim of our study was to elucidate the frequency and prognostic significance of molecular subgroups in colorectal DLBCL. We examined 25 cases of colorectal lymphoma with DLBCL-like morphology and classified them into germinal center B-cell like (GCB)/non-GCB subgroups by immunohistochemistry (IHC) for CD10, bcl-6 and MUM1, or into double-expressor (DE)/non-DE subgroups by IHC for bcl-2 and c-myc. Translocations involving BCL2, BCL6, MYC, IGH, IGK, IGL, and MALT1 were also investigated using break-apart fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The 25 cases were classified into two entities—DLBCL, not otherwise specified (NOS) (n = 23; 92%) and high grade B-cell lymphoma, double hit (n = 2; 8%)—according to the recent WHO classification. None of them showed histological evidence of Epstein-Barr virus infection or high-grade transformation from low grade B-cell lymphoma. Ten cases were GCB-type and four cases were DE-type, but these subtypes did not contribute to clinicopathological differences. Translocations involving BCL2, BCL6, MYC, IGH, IGK, IGL, and MALT1 were detected in 3 (12%), 3 (12%), 10 (40%), 14 (56%), 3 (12%), 3 (12%), and 0 (0%) of 25 cases, respectively. Of note, the presence of IGH translocation was significantly associated with better overall survival (P =.0053) and progression free survival (P =.0259). Similarly, the translocation involving at least one of the IGs (IGH, IGK, and/or IGL) was associated with more favorable prognosis in DLBCLs or even in DLBCL, NOS. This is the first report to reveal that a small subset of colorectal DLBCL corresponds to double-hit lymphoma. In addition, translocations involving at least one of the IGs may be a favorable prognostic factor in colorectal DLBCL. Testing the translocation involving rearrangement of IGs as well as MYC and BCL2/BCL6 may thus be useful for diagnosis and prognosis.
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