Community-level socioeconomic status and parental smoking in Japan

Kenji Takeuchi, Jun Aida, Manabu Morita, Yuichi Ando, Ken Osaka

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

6 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Community-level social environment has been considered to be associated with smoking behavior. However, no study has examined the association between community-level environmental factors and parental smoking behavior in families with young children. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between community-level socioeconomic status (SES) and parental smoking behavior. We used data from a cross-sectional study conducted from 2005 to 2006. We randomly selected 44 Japanese municipalities, 39 of which municipalities agreed to participate in this survey. The study subjects were participants in health check-ups for three-year-old children. Smoking status and individual demographic characteristics were obtained using self-administered questionnaires. Community-level variables were obtained from national census data for 2005. The prevalence of employment in tertiary industries and of unemployment was used to measure community-level SES. Multilevel Poisson regression models were used to calculate prevalence ratios (PRs) for smoking. Of 4143 subjects, a total of 3301 parents in 39 municipalities participated in our survey. Among the 2975 participants (71.8%) included in our analysis, 59.0% were smokers. There was no association between the job of the head of the household considered as an indicator of individual-level SES and smoking. By contrast, when we examined the relationship between prevalence of employment in tertiary industries as community-level SES and smoking, parents living in low middle SES municipalities had a significantly higher prevalence ratio for smoking, compared to parents living in the highest SES municipalities. This result suggested that those with lower community-level SES tended to have a higher prevalence of parental smoking regardless of individual-level SES.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)747-751
ページ数5
ジャーナルSocial Science and Medicine
75
発行部数4
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 8 1 2012

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Social Class
smoking
social status
Japan
Smoking
municipality
community
parents
Parents
Industry
Socioeconomic Status
Unemployment
Social Environment
industry
Censuses
cross-sectional study
environmental factors
unemployment
census
Cross-Sectional Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

これを引用

Community-level socioeconomic status and parental smoking in Japan. / Takeuchi, Kenji; Aida, Jun; Morita, Manabu; Ando, Yuichi; Osaka, Ken.

:: Social Science and Medicine, 巻 75, 番号 4, 01.08.2012, p. 747-751.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Takeuchi, K, Aida, J, Morita, M, Ando, Y & Osaka, K 2012, 'Community-level socioeconomic status and parental smoking in Japan', Social Science and Medicine, 巻. 75, 番号 4, pp. 747-751. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.04.001
Takeuchi, Kenji ; Aida, Jun ; Morita, Manabu ; Ando, Yuichi ; Osaka, Ken. / Community-level socioeconomic status and parental smoking in Japan. :: Social Science and Medicine. 2012 ; 巻 75, 番号 4. pp. 747-751.
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