Comparison of feature vector compositions to enhance the performance of NIRS-BCI-triggered robotic hand orthosis for post-stroke motor recovery

Jongseung Lee, Nobutaka Mukae, Jumpei Arata, Koji Iihara, Makoto Hashizume

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Recently, brain-computer interfaces, combined with feedback systems and goal-oriented training, have been investigated for their capacity to promote functional recovery after stroke. Accordingly, we developed a brain-computer interface-triggered robotic hand orthosis that assists hand-closing and hand-opening for post-stroke patients without sufficient motor output. In this system, near-infrared spectroscopy is used to monitor the affected motor cortex, and a linear discriminant analysis-based binary classifier estimates hand posture. The estimated posture then wirelessly triggers the robotic hand orthosis. For better performance of the brain-computer interface, we tested feature windows of different lengths and varying feature vector compositions with motor execution data from seven neurologically intact participants. The interaction between a feature window and a delay in the hemodynamic response significantly affected both classification accuracy (Matthew Correlation Coefficient) and detection latency. The 'preserving channels' feature vector was able to increase accuracy by 13.14% and decrease latency by 29.48%, relative to averaging. Oxyhemoglobin combined with deoxyhemoglobin improved accuracy by 3.71% and decreased latency by 6.01% relative to oxyhemoglobin alone. Thus, the best classification performance resulted in an accuracy of 0.7154 and a latency of 2.8515 s. The hand rehabilitation system was successfully implemented using this feature vector composition, which yielded better classification performance.

本文言語英語
論文番号3845
ジャーナルApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
9
18
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 9 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 器械工学
  • 工学(全般)
  • プロセス化学およびプロセス工学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 流体および伝熱

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