So far, there are lots of paper reported the nutritional composition of mature barley and de-hulled barley, but little research on premature barley. For the purpose of exploring nutritional potential of premature barley, we analyzed the nutritional status of premature green, mature yellow, and de-hulled barley grown in the Jeollabuk-Do Agricultural Research & Extension Services (Iksan, Korea). Compared to de-hulled and mature barley, premature barley contained higher amounts of lysine (41.46 mg g-1 protein), total essential amino acids (351.75 mg g-1 protein), vitamin C (0.93mg 100 g-1 DW), vitamin B2 (0.10mg 100g-1 DW), and vitamin B3 (2.16mg 100g-1 DW), and β-carotene (69.79μg 100g-1 DW) was only detected in premature barley. Statistically higher quantities of Na and K were present in premature barley compared to the other two grain-types (P ≤ 0.05), whereas mature barley contained the highest amount of P and Fe (P ≤ 0.05). All three grain-types contained similar levels of Ca and Cu. Mature barley contained the highest betaine and choline (49.44mg 100 g-1 DW and 34.61 mg 100g-1 DW, respectively). The results indicate that premature barley is nutritionally superior to de-hulled barley.
|ジャーナル||Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 2月 1 2015|
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