The authors estimated the potential water supply in Taiwan based on hydrologic and water resource data sets pertaining to 233 rainfall stations, 145 stage stations and 109 reservoirs. The comparison between potential water supply estimates and predicted water demand indicated a slight water shortage, even though Taiwan normally receives a large amount of rainfall. This predicted water shortage likely occurred due to the uneven distribution of rainfall in Taiwan. Taken together, the results of this study demonstrate the importance of conservation of forests and paddy fields for the maintenance of base flow and effective management of reservoirs in Taiwan.
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