Streptomyces rimosus cells were immobilized with urethane prepolymers and used in the production of oxytetracycline. Based on the criteria for oxytetracycline productivity, cell growth in gels, cell leakage from gels and mechanical strength of gel, a hydrophilic prepolymer, PU-1, the main chain of which was polyethylene glycol (molecular weight, approximately 1500) was employed as gel material among 11 kinds of urethane prepolymers. Use of glucose-free medium for cultivation of PU-1-entrapped cells increased the production rate of oxytetracycline and minimized cell leakage from the gels. When the gel-entrapped cells lost activity, treatment of the cell-entrapping gels with saline or 70% ethanol resulted in recovery of the oxytetracycline productivity. Continuous oxytetracycline fermentation using PU-1-entrapped growing cells was successfully achieved in air-bubbled reactor for at least 35 days with reactivation of the cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology