A patchy colloidal particle possesses distinctive regions with different physical or chemical properties on its surface and thus exhibits anisotropic interactions with another particle or object. By utilizing the large van der Waals attraction between metal surfaces and the electric double layer repulsion originating from surface charge, we succeeded in controlling the adsorption behavior of metallodielectric particles (MDPs), which were composed of dielectric spheres each with a thin gold patch modified with dissociable groups, to gold surfaces. When MDPs were dispersed on a dielectric substrate with a thick gold pattern in aqueous solution, the particles selectively adsorbed onto the gold surface of the substrate at a moderate salt concentration. Furthermore, when MDPs were mixed with large particles coated with a thick gold film, MDPs adsorbed on the gold surface at a moderate salt concentration and formed a monolayer. In the monolayer, gold patches of MDPs bonded to the gold surface and the dielectric surface of MDPs faced outward. In other words, this monolayer was a solid dielectric layer formed on the metal surface of a large particle. Such selectivity, i.e., that a gold patch of an MDP bonded to a gold surface but the patches did not bond to each other, was realized by controlling the thickness and surface charge of gold patches.
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