The preparation of metal-organic structures with a controlled degree of disorder is currently one of the most promising fields of materials science. Here, we describe the effect of guest polymer chains on the transformation of a metal-organic framework (MOF). Heating a pillared MOF at a controlled temperature resulted in the exclusive removal of the pillar ligands, while the connectivity of the metal-organic square-grid layers was maintained. In the absence of a polymer, 2D-layers rearranged to form a new crystalline phase. In contrast, the presence of a polymer in the MOF inhibited totally the recrystallization, leading to a turbostratic phase with layers threaded and maintained apart by the polymer chains. This work demonstrates a new synthetic approach toward the preparation of anisotropic metal-organic materials with controlled disorder. It also reveals how guests can dramatically modify the conversion of host MOFs, even though no chemical reaction occurs between them.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry