Coproduction of clean syngas and iron from woody biomass and natural goethite ore

Shinji Kudo, Keigo Sugiyama, Koyo Norinaga, Chun Zhu Li, Tomohiro Akiyama, Jun Ichiro Hayashi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Conversion of biomass into clean syngas was studied considering application of low-grade iron ore to reforming of tar. Chipped cedar with moisture content of 0.1-10.1 wt% was continuously pyrolysed at 550 °C, and the nascent volatiles were subjected to reforming at 690-800 °C in a bed of mesoporous hematite derived from a type of natural goethite. The yield of heavy tar (b.p. > 350 °C) decreased from 18.8 to less than 0.01 wt% during the reforming mainly by its oxidation by the ore and conversion into coke. The hematite was reduced completely to magnetite and further but incompletely to wustite. The formation of iron was inhibited by high CO2/CO and H 2O/H2 ratios of the gas phase. The coke-loaded magnetite/wustite mixture was, however, an excellent precursor of iron. Reheating the spent ore up to 800 °C in the absence of the volatiles reduced the magnetite/wustite to wustite/iron obeying direct and indirect reduction mechanisms. Repeated cycles of such reheating and reforming converted the volatiles and ore into syngas with a total tar concentration as low as 10 mg Nm-3-dry and coke-loaded iron, respectively. Contribution of the steam reforming with iron-wustite redox cycles became more important as the reforming-reheating cycles were repeated.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)64-72
ページ数9
ジャーナルFuel
103
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1月 2013

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化学工学(全般)
  • 燃料技術
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術
  • 有機化学

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