Corals Reveal an Unprecedented Decrease of Arabian Sea Upwelling During the Current Warming Era

Takaaki K. Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Miriam Pfeiffer, Hsun Ming Hu, Chuan Chou Shen, Atsuko Yamazaki

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

抄録

Upwelling in the Arabian Sea driven by the Indian summer monsoon pumps deep, cold, and eutrophic seawater to the sea surface every summer. The Indian summer monsoon and the Arabian Sea upwelling were expected to intensify with global warming, following the hypothesis that the Eurasian landmass would warm faster than the Indian Ocean. Contrary to expectations, the northern Indian Ocean currently warms faster than the Indian subcontinent. A weakening of the Indian summer monsoon circulation is reported, which possibly weakens the Arabian Sea upwelling. However, a lack of observations limits understanding of current and historical changes of the Arabian Sea upwelling. Here, we reconstruct the Arabian Sea upwelling over the past millennium using modern and fossil corals. Our coral records show that the Arabian Sea upwelling intensity was very stable over the last millennium and unprecedentedly declines at present. Our finding implies anthropogenic forcing likely weakens the Arabian Sea upwelling.

本文言語英語
論文番号e2021GL092432
ジャーナルGeophysical Research Letters
48
10
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 5 28 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地球物理学
  • 地球惑星科学(全般)

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