Background: The current status of site-specific cancer registry has not been elucidated, but sufficient system is found in some societies. The purpose of this study was to clear the present condition of site-specific cancer registries in Japan and to suggest for the improvement. Methods: The questionnaire was conducted by the study group of the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare. It consisted of 38 questions, conflicts of interest, clinical research method, informed consent and funding for registry. We distributed this questionnaire to 28 academic societies, which had published the clinical practice guideline(s) assessed under Medical Information Network Distribution Service (MINDS). Results: The concept of the importance in assessment for medical quality by the data of the site-specific cancer registry was in good consensus. But the number of the society with the mature registry was limited. The whole-year registry with the scientific researches in the National Clinical Database (NCD) and in the Translational Research Informatics Center (TRI) might seem to be in success, because assured enhancement may be estimated. Now, academic societies have the structural factors, i.e., the financial limitation in the registry maintenance and the data analysis, and in the difficulty of employment of the researchers with skill and talent. Conclusions: To manage the site-specific cancer registry effectively, the scientific registry system will be essentially important. Each academic society had much experienced highly qualified clinical researches in past. Accordingly, the scientific suggestion and co-operation should be of great importance for the improvement.
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