We describe a rare case of cytotoxic gastrointestinal T-cell lymphoma with protein-losing enteropathy. Initial examination revealed the coexistence of T-cell lymphoma and tuberculosis in the mesenteric lymph node and liver. Despite anti-tuberculosis and anti-cancer treatment, the patient experienced chronic diarrhea and malabsorption and died approximately 3 years after onset. Autopsy specimens revealed medium-sized lymphoma cells, with a phenotype of CD3+, CD4-, CD7+, CD8+, CD30-, CD56-, CD103 (HML-1)-, TIA-1+, and granzyme B+, proliferating primarily and consistently in the mucosa of the entire bowel tract from esophagus to rectum. Interestingly, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded small nuclear RNAs were detected in the tumors by in situ hybridization. Southern blot analysis revealed monoclonal proliferation in the EBV-infected T cells. Although the present case can possibly be categorized as an intestinal T-cell lymphoma according to the Revised European-American Lymphoma Classification, the case showed a unique clinical course and distribution of lymphoma cells. We present here an interesting case of gastrointestinal cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma and examine the possible association with infectious agents.
|ジャーナル||International journal of hematology|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 6 2000|
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