Dedifferentiation process driven by TGF-beta signaling enhances stem cell properties in human colorectal cancer

Michitaka Nakano, Yoshikane Kikushige, Kohta Miyawaki, Yuya Kunisaki, Shinichi Mizuno, Katsuto Takenaka, Shingo Tamura, Yuta Okumura, Mamoru Ito, Hiroshi Ariyama, Hitoshi Kusaba, Masafumi Nakamura, Takahiro Maeda, Eishi Baba, Koichi Akashi

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle

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Cancer stem cells (CSCs) possess the capacity for self-renewal and the potential to differentiate into non-CSCs. The recent discoveries of dynamic equilibrium between CSCs and non-CSCs revealed the significance of acquiring CSC-like properties in non-CSCs as an important process in progression of cancer. The mechanism underlying acquisition of CSC-like properties has mainly been investigated in the context of epithelial–mesenchymal transition. Here, we demonstrate the dedifferentiation process may be an alternative mechanism in acquisition of CSC-like properties in human colorectal cancer cells. By exploring the single-cell gene expression analysis of organoids developed from CD44 + CSCs, we identified TWIST1 as a key molecule for maintaining the undifferentiated state of cancer cells. Consistent with the finding, we found that TGF-beta signaling pathway, a regulator of TWIST1, was specifically activated in the undifferentiated CD44 + CSCs in human colorectal cancer using microarray-based gene expression analysis and quantitative pathology imaging system. Furthermore, we showed that external stimulation with TGF-beta and the induction of TWIST1 converted CD44 non-CSCs into the undifferentiated CD44 + CSCs, leading to the significant increment of CSCs in xenograft models. This study strongly suggests dedifferentiation driven by TGF-beta signaling enhances stem cell properties in human colorectal cancer.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)780-793
ページ数14
ジャーナルOncogene
38
発行部数6
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 2 7 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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