A 47-year-old woman, who 2.5 years previously had undergone resection of a malignant astrocytoma of the left temporal lobe followed by radiotherapy, was found to have a mass in the left frontal lobe. This showed high uptake of thallium-201 (201Tl) on single-photon emission computed tomography and 11C-methionine on positron-emission tomography, suggesting recurrent tumour. Histological examination of the resected lesion, however, revealed it to be radionecrosis. This case thus illustrates a diagnostic pitfall in the use of these investigations for distinguishing radionecrosis from recurrent malignant glioma.
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