Delphinidin is an anthocyanidin commonly found in various fruits and vegetables. Delphinidin has been known to possess many functions, such as an antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and anti-muscular atrophy agent. In this study, we attempted to evaluate the effects of delphinidin on lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. The results showed that palmitic acid (PA)-induced cellular senescence in HepG2 cells and reduced the expression of SMARCD1, which is known to regulate senescence-associated lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. However, delphinidin-3-glucoside (D3 g) suppressed PA-induced senescence and reversed the expression of SMARCD1 to the level of untreated HepG2 cells. Consequently, D3 g inhibited PA-induced lipid accumulation through the restoration of the expression of SMARCD1 and fatty acid oxidation genes. Taken together, our results suggest that D3 g suppresses the lipid accumulation induced by hepatocyte senescence.
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