Demulsification of water-in-oil emulsions by permeation through Shirasu-porous-glass (SPG) membranes

Masato Kukizaki, Masahiro Goto

    研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

    47 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    To investigate the effect of the droplet/pore size ratio on membrane demulsification, water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions with uniform-sized droplets was demulsified by permeation through Shirasu-porous-glass (SPG) membranes with a narrow pore size distribution at mean droplet/pore diameter ratios of 0.52-5.75. At transmembrane pressures above a critical pressure, the water droplets larger than the membrane pore size were demulsified, where the SPG membrane acted as a coalescer because the hydrophilic membrane surface had a high affinity for the water droplets. By contrast, at transmembrane pressures below the critical pressure, the larger water droplets were all retained by the membrane due to the sieving effect of the uniform-sized pores. When a W/O emulsion with a mean droplet diameter of 2.30 μm was allowed to permeate through a membrane with a mean pore diameter of 0.86 μm, the demulsification efficiency increased with increasing transmembrane pressure, to a maximum value of 91% at a transmembrane pressure of 392 kPa, and then decreased, while the transmembrane flux increased almost linearly with increasing transmembrane pressure. The demulsification efficiency was higher for higher water phase content and lower concentration of the surfactant, tetraglycerin condensed ricinoleic acid ester, in the emulsions due to the reduction of the emulsion stability.

    本文言語英語
    ページ(範囲)196-203
    ページ数8
    ジャーナルJournal of Membrane Science
    322
    1
    DOI
    出版ステータス出版済み - 9 1 2008

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • 生化学
    • 材料科学(全般)
    • 物理化学および理論化学
    • ろ過および分離

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