In this letter, a dual-band circular patch antenna is introduced. The antenna consists of a circular patch with a direct feed through microstrip feedline designed to radiate at 2.45 GHz with fractional bandwidth of 4.5%. A circular slot is inserted into the ground plane that radiates by capacitive coupling between the patch and the ground plane. This slot radiates at 1.95 GHz with fractional impedance bandwidth of 5%. The antenna achieves good radiation characteristics by inserting a reflecting plane at optimum position behind it. The antenna has gain of 8.3 and 7.8 dBi at 1.95 and 2.45 GHz, respectively. This antenna is proposed for the rectenna; then it is designed to direct the main beam in a certain direction by increasing front-to-back (F/B) ratio with low cross-polarization levels by using defected reflector structure in the reflecting plane. The equivalent circuit of the proposed antenna is introduced to model the electrical behavior of the antenna. The proposed antenna can be used to harvest the energy from Wi-Fi and widely spread mobile networks. The proposed antenna was designed using CST Microwave Studio. The simulated and measured results show good agreement.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering