High-density syndiotactic poly(methyl methacrylate) (st-PMMA) brushes form a helical structure and encapsulate fullerene molecules in their helical cavities, leading to a PMMA brush/fullerene inclusion complex. The brushes recognize the size of guest molecules and spontaneously adapt their helical diameter to the guest molecules. Both polymer brush/C60 and polymer brush/C70 inclusion complex on the flat substrate were characterized on the basis of grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray diffraction (GIWAXD) measurements, and it is revealed that the main chains oriented perpendicular to the substrate. Moreover, high-density st-PMMA brushes grafted onto nanoparticles efficiently separate C70 molecules from the mixture of C60 and C70 solution. Even after 5× repeating process, the selectivity for C70 molecules remains at 99%.
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