Objective: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) is a rare, indolent salivary gland tumor that is reported to be driven by fusion genes. However, MYB/MYBL1-NFIB fusions have been detected in <60% of all AdCC cases and the oncogenic driver mutations in approximately 40% of AdCC remain unknown. Our aim was to identify novel gene fusions in AdCC. Study Design: We investigated 20 AdCC cases using a targeted RNA sequencing panel to identify gene fusions and performed quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction to assess MYB, MYBL1, and NFIB expression levels. Results: A total of 36 fusion transcripts in 15 cases were detected and validated by Sanger sequencing. The MYB-NFIB and MYBL1-NFIB fusion genes were detected in 9 and 3 cases, respectively, in a mutually exclusive manner. Furthermore, novel gene fusions, namely, NFIB-EPB41L2, MAP7-NFIB, NFIB-MCMDC2, MYBL1-C8orf34, C8orf34-NFIB, and NFIB-CASC20, were identified. Among them, NFIB-EPB41L2 and NFIB-MCMDC2 are thought to activate MYB and MYBL1 expression, respectively, through the insertion of a genomic segment in proximity to MYB and MYBL1 genes, respectively. Conclusion: Six novel gene fusions other than MYB/MYBL1-NFIB were identified. The detection of novel fusion genes and investigation of the molecular mechanism will contribute to the development of novel molecular targeted therapies for this disease.
|ジャーナル||Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 10月 2021|
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