The phase relationships between the ferrite phase (α) and the austenite phase (γ) were investigated in the iron-rich corner of the Fe-Cr-Mn-Ni quaternary system at 1000 C. Phase boundaries were determined using a diffusion-multiple technique. In this technique, three end members, Fe-Cr, Fe-Cr-Mn and Fe-Cr-Ni alloys, were coupled inside a metal tube, and then heat treated at 1300 C for 24 h to create a microstructural state with a composition gradient of Cr, Ni and Mn within the composition range of the end members. This was followed by long time heat treatment at 1000 C for periods of up to 1000 h to obtain phase equilibrium states between the γ and α phase in the composition range. The γ + α two-phase field shifts in a way to expand the γ single phase field when the Mn content is increased from 0 up to 17 wt.%. Ni equivalent of Mn (NieqMn) is highly dependent on the Cr and Mn contents. A maximum NieqMn value of 0.9 was observed in the range 2-5 wt.% Mn at 19 wt.% Cr. The NieqMn value is zero at around 23 wt.% Cr and becomes negative at higher Cr levels.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials
- Materials Chemistry
- Metals and Alloys