Determining changes in the state of stress associated with an earthquake via combined focal mechanism and moment tensor analysis: Application to the 2013 Awaji Island earthquake, Japan

Satoshi Matsumoto, Hiroshi Katao, Yoshihisa Iio

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

24 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

One approach that can be used to evaluate the potential for an earthquake occurrence is the detection of the stress concentration at an earthquake fault. While the stress fields for pre- and post-seismic event stages differ, this change cannot provide information regarding the potential for an earthquake. Here, we propose a detection method for states of stress that uses focal mechanism data from microearthquakes. The state of stress can be defined both by the background stress and by a moment tensor equivalent to the stress concentration. We applied this method to actual focal mechanism data from the 2013 Awaji Island earthquake (M6.3), Japan, and the results showed the presence of stress concentration around the earthquake fault before the mainshock. In addition, the regional differential stress was shown to be about 13. MPa. The magnitude of the obtained stress concentration in the focal area and the high dip angle of the mainshock fault imply that the faulting occurred in the crust where it was overpressurized to a level near the lithostatic pressure.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)58-67
ページ数10
ジャーナルTectonophysics
649
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 5 9 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地球物理学
  • 地表過程

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