Development and validation of the 22-item Tarumi's Modern-Type Depression Trait Scale

Avoidance of Social Roles, Complaint, and Low Self-Esteem (TACS-22)

Takahiro Kato, Ryoko Katsuki, Hiroaki Kubo, Norihiro Shimokawa, Mina Sato-Kasai, Kohei Hayakawa, Nobuki Kuwano, Wakako Umene-Nakano, Masaru Tateno, Daiki Setoyama, Dongchon Kang, Motoki Watabe, Shinji Sakamoto, Alan R. Teo, Shigenobu Kanba

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

3 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Aim: Understanding premorbid personality is important, especially when considering treatment selection. Historically, the premorbid personality of patients with major depression in Japan was described as Shuchaku-kishitsu [similar to Typus melancholicus], as proposed by Shimoda in the 1930s. Since around 2000, there have been increased reports in Japan of young adults with depression who have had premorbid personality differing from the traditional type. In 2005, Tarumi termed this novel condition ‘dysthymic-type depression,’ and more recently the condition has been called Shin-gata/Gendai-gata Utsu-byo [modern-type depression (MTD)]. We recently developed a semi-structured diagnostic interview to evaluate MTD. Development of a tool that enables understanding of premorbid personality in a short time, especially at the early stage of treatment, is desirable. The object of this study was to develop a self-report scale to evaluate the traits of MTD, and to assess the scale's psychometric properties, diagnostic accuracy, and biological validity. Methods: A sample of 340 participants from clinical and community settings completed measures. Psychometric properties were assessed with factor analysis. Diagnostic accuracy of the MTD traits was compared against a semi-structured interview. Results: The questionnaire contained 22 items across three subscales, thus we termed it the 22-item Tarumi's Modern-Type Depression Trait Scale: Avoidance of Social Roles, Complaint, and Low Self-Esteem (TACS-22). Internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and convergent validity were all satisfactory. Among patients with major depression, the area under the curve was 0.757 (sensitivity of 63.1% and specificity of 82.9%) and the score was positively correlated with plasma tryptophan. Conclusion: The TACS-22 possessed adequate psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy in an initial sample of Japanese adults. Additional research on its ability to support clinical assessment of MTD is warranted.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)448-457
ページ数10
ジャーナルPsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
73
発行部数8
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 1 1 2019

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Self Concept
Depression
Personality
Psychometrics
Japan
Interviews
Aptitude
Reproducibility of Results
Tryptophan
Self Report
Statistical Factor Analysis
Area Under Curve
Young Adult
Sensitivity and Specificity
Therapeutics
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

これを引用

Development and validation of the 22-item Tarumi's Modern-Type Depression Trait Scale : Avoidance of Social Roles, Complaint, and Low Self-Esteem (TACS-22). / Kato, Takahiro; Katsuki, Ryoko; Kubo, Hiroaki; Shimokawa, Norihiro; Sato-Kasai, Mina; Hayakawa, Kohei; Kuwano, Nobuki; Umene-Nakano, Wakako; Tateno, Masaru; Setoyama, Daiki; Kang, Dongchon; Watabe, Motoki; Sakamoto, Shinji; Teo, Alan R.; Kanba, Shigenobu.

:: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 巻 73, 番号 8, 01.01.2019, p. 448-457.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Kato, T, Katsuki, R, Kubo, H, Shimokawa, N, Sato-Kasai, M, Hayakawa, K, Kuwano, N, Umene-Nakano, W, Tateno, M, Setoyama, D, Kang, D, Watabe, M, Sakamoto, S, Teo, AR & Kanba, S 2019, 'Development and validation of the 22-item Tarumi's Modern-Type Depression Trait Scale: Avoidance of Social Roles, Complaint, and Low Self-Esteem (TACS-22)', Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 巻. 73, 番号 8, pp. 448-457. https://doi.org/10.1111/pcn.12842
Kato, Takahiro ; Katsuki, Ryoko ; Kubo, Hiroaki ; Shimokawa, Norihiro ; Sato-Kasai, Mina ; Hayakawa, Kohei ; Kuwano, Nobuki ; Umene-Nakano, Wakako ; Tateno, Masaru ; Setoyama, Daiki ; Kang, Dongchon ; Watabe, Motoki ; Sakamoto, Shinji ; Teo, Alan R. ; Kanba, Shigenobu. / Development and validation of the 22-item Tarumi's Modern-Type Depression Trait Scale : Avoidance of Social Roles, Complaint, and Low Self-Esteem (TACS-22). :: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. 2019 ; 巻 73, 番号 8. pp. 448-457.
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abstract = "Aim: Understanding premorbid personality is important, especially when considering treatment selection. Historically, the premorbid personality of patients with major depression in Japan was described as Shuchaku-kishitsu [similar to Typus melancholicus], as proposed by Shimoda in the 1930s. Since around 2000, there have been increased reports in Japan of young adults with depression who have had premorbid personality differing from the traditional type. In 2005, Tarumi termed this novel condition ‘dysthymic-type depression,’ and more recently the condition has been called Shin-gata/Gendai-gata Utsu-byo [modern-type depression (MTD)]. We recently developed a semi-structured diagnostic interview to evaluate MTD. Development of a tool that enables understanding of premorbid personality in a short time, especially at the early stage of treatment, is desirable. The object of this study was to develop a self-report scale to evaluate the traits of MTD, and to assess the scale's psychometric properties, diagnostic accuracy, and biological validity. Methods: A sample of 340 participants from clinical and community settings completed measures. Psychometric properties were assessed with factor analysis. Diagnostic accuracy of the MTD traits was compared against a semi-structured interview. Results: The questionnaire contained 22 items across three subscales, thus we termed it the 22-item Tarumi's Modern-Type Depression Trait Scale: Avoidance of Social Roles, Complaint, and Low Self-Esteem (TACS-22). Internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and convergent validity were all satisfactory. Among patients with major depression, the area under the curve was 0.757 (sensitivity of 63.1{\%} and specificity of 82.9{\%}) and the score was positively correlated with plasma tryptophan. Conclusion: The TACS-22 possessed adequate psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy in an initial sample of Japanese adults. Additional research on its ability to support clinical assessment of MTD is warranted.",
author = "Takahiro Kato and Ryoko Katsuki and Hiroaki Kubo and Norihiro Shimokawa and Mina Sato-Kasai and Kohei Hayakawa and Nobuki Kuwano and Wakako Umene-Nakano and Masaru Tateno and Daiki Setoyama and Dongchon Kang and Motoki Watabe and Shinji Sakamoto and Teo, {Alan R.} and Shigenobu Kanba",
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T2 - Avoidance of Social Roles, Complaint, and Low Self-Esteem (TACS-22)

AU - Kato, Takahiro

AU - Katsuki, Ryoko

AU - Kubo, Hiroaki

AU - Shimokawa, Norihiro

AU - Sato-Kasai, Mina

AU - Hayakawa, Kohei

AU - Kuwano, Nobuki

AU - Umene-Nakano, Wakako

AU - Tateno, Masaru

AU - Setoyama, Daiki

AU - Kang, Dongchon

AU - Watabe, Motoki

AU - Sakamoto, Shinji

AU - Teo, Alan R.

AU - Kanba, Shigenobu

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N2 - Aim: Understanding premorbid personality is important, especially when considering treatment selection. Historically, the premorbid personality of patients with major depression in Japan was described as Shuchaku-kishitsu [similar to Typus melancholicus], as proposed by Shimoda in the 1930s. Since around 2000, there have been increased reports in Japan of young adults with depression who have had premorbid personality differing from the traditional type. In 2005, Tarumi termed this novel condition ‘dysthymic-type depression,’ and more recently the condition has been called Shin-gata/Gendai-gata Utsu-byo [modern-type depression (MTD)]. We recently developed a semi-structured diagnostic interview to evaluate MTD. Development of a tool that enables understanding of premorbid personality in a short time, especially at the early stage of treatment, is desirable. The object of this study was to develop a self-report scale to evaluate the traits of MTD, and to assess the scale's psychometric properties, diagnostic accuracy, and biological validity. Methods: A sample of 340 participants from clinical and community settings completed measures. Psychometric properties were assessed with factor analysis. Diagnostic accuracy of the MTD traits was compared against a semi-structured interview. Results: The questionnaire contained 22 items across three subscales, thus we termed it the 22-item Tarumi's Modern-Type Depression Trait Scale: Avoidance of Social Roles, Complaint, and Low Self-Esteem (TACS-22). Internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and convergent validity were all satisfactory. Among patients with major depression, the area under the curve was 0.757 (sensitivity of 63.1% and specificity of 82.9%) and the score was positively correlated with plasma tryptophan. Conclusion: The TACS-22 possessed adequate psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy in an initial sample of Japanese adults. Additional research on its ability to support clinical assessment of MTD is warranted.

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