Human adenovirus 40 (Ad40) is an interesting candidate for vector construction because of its tropism for the gastrointestinal tract. Although effective preparation of the vector is necessary for its in vivo application, amplification of Ad40 has been very difficult. Ad40 E1 deletion mutants were detected by PCR in the viral DNA from Ad40 Dugan amplified by Ad5 E1-expressing human embryonic kidney (293) cells and in Ad40 Dugan plaques observed with Ad5 E1-expressing human retinoblastic cells. For the purpose of generating a single wild-type Ad40 clone, the entire Ad40 DNA was cloned into a plasmid by homologous recombination. A pure Ad40 was successfully generated by plasmid transfection and subsequently amplified with Ad5 E4orf6-inducible 293 (2V6.11) cells. 2V6.11 is an apposite cell line for effective Ad40 amplification and for future vector construction because Ad40 genetic integrity was maintained with this Ad5 E1 and E4orf6 trans-complementing cell line.
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