Development of a novel direct dental pulp-capping material using 4-META/MMA-TBB resin with nano hydroxyapatite

Shinichiro Yoshida, Hideki Sugii, Tomohiro Itoyama, Masataka Kadowaki, Daigaku Hasegawa, Atsushi Tomokiyo, Sayuri Hamano, Keita Ipposhi, Kozue Yamashita, Hidefumi Maeda

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

抄録

In the case of dental pulp exposure, direct pulp capping is often performed to preserve vital dental pulp tissue. Numerous studies regarding the development of direct pulp-capping materials have been conducted, but materials with an appropriate sealing ability, which induce dense reparative dentin formation, have not been developed. Although nano hydroxyapatite (naHAp) is a bone-filling material with bioactivity and biocompatibility, the inductive effects of naHAp on reparative dentin formation remain unclear. In the present study, the effects of dental adhesive material 4-methacryloxyethyl trimellitate anhydride/methyl methacrylate tri-n-butylborane [4-META/MMA-TBB or Super-bond (SB)], which included 10%, 30%, and 50% naHAp (naHAp/SB) on odontoblastic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and reparative dentin formation were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer analysis were performed to verify the existence of naHAp particles on the surface of naHAp/SB discs. The tensile adhesive strength of naHAp/SB was measured using a universal testing machine. As a result, 10% naHAp/SB and 30% naHAp/SB showed almost the same tensile adhesive strength as SB but 50% naHAp/SB showed significantly lower than the other experimental group. WST-1 proliferation assay and SEM analysis revealed that naHAp/SB did not affect the proliferation of DPSCs. Calcium release assay, quantitative RT-PCR, and western blotting analysis demonstrated that naHAp/SB did not release calcium ion but 30% naHAp/SB increased the expression of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) in DPSCs. Additionally, quantitative RT-PCR, western blotting analysis, Alizarin Red S- and von Kossa staining revealed that 30% naHAp/SB induced odontoblastic differentiation of DPSCs, which was inhibited by a MEK/ERK inhibitor and CaSR antagonist. Furthermore, 30% naHAp/SB promoted dense reparative dentin formation in an experimentally-formed rat dental pulp exposure model. These findings suggest that 30% naHAp/SB can be used as an ideal direct pulp capping material.

本文言語英語
論文番号112426
ジャーナルMaterials Science and Engineering C
130
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 材料力学
  • 機械工学

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