The National Clinical Database (NCD) of Japan was established in 2010 with the board certification system. A joint committee of 16 gastroenterological surgery database-affiliated organizations has been nurturing this nationwide database and utilizing its data for various analyses. Stepwise board certification systems have been validated by the NCD and are used to improve the surgical outcomes of patients. The use of risk calculators based on risk models can be particularly helpful for establishing appropriate and less invasive surgical treatments for individual patients. Data obtained from the NCD reflect current developments in the surgical approaches used in hospitals, which have progressed from open surgery to endoscopic and robot-assisted procedures. An investigation of the data acquired by the NCD could answer some relevant clinical questions and lead to better surgical management of patients. Furthermore, excellent surgical outcomes can be achieved through international comparisons of the national databases worldwide. This review examines what we have learned from the NCD of gastroenterological surgery and discusses what future developments we can expect.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes