Aims: Dermatofibroma/fibrous histiocytoma (DF/FH) is a common cutaneous mesenchymal neoplasm exhibiting benign biological behaviour. However, the immunohistochemical utility of erythroblast transformation-specific-related gene (ERG) for diagnosing DF remains unknown. The authors reviewed the immunohistochemical status of ERG in different subtypes of DF and in its differential diagnoses. Methods: Overall, 97 cases of ordinary DF/FH, 6 cases of aneurysmal FH, 10 cases of cellular FH, 5 cases of angiomatoid FH, 2 cases of epithelioid FH, 64 cases of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) and 52 cases of fibrous scar were retrieved. As the other histological types of cutaneous neoplasms, 6 cases of myxofibrosarcoma, 4 cases of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, 11 cases of atypical fibroxanthoma, 19 cases of malignant melanoma, 20 cases of nevocellular nevus, 20 cases of neurofibroma, 19 cases of schwannoma, 8 cases of angioleiomyoma and 1 case of pilar leiomyoma were included. Results: Immunohistochemical positivity for ERG was demonstrated in 87 of 97 cases (89.6%) of ordinary DF/FH, 7 of 10 cases (70%) of cellular FH, 3 of 6 cases (50%) of aneurysmal FH, 1 of 5 cases (20%) of angiomatoid FH and 1 of 52 cases (0.1%) of fibrous scar. All cases of DFSP, epithelioid FH and other types of cutaneous neoplasms included in the current investigation were negative for ERG. The intensity of ERG immunohistochemical staining in spindle-shaped cells appeared weaker than that in endothelial cells. Conclusions: DF/FH was frequently positive for ERG immunostaining. ERG immunostaining may thus be useful to distinguish DF/FH from DFSP.
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