Ingestion of CLA activates β-oxidation and causes loss of body fat in rodents. We investigated the effects of dietary CLA on endurance capacity and energy metabolism during exercise in mice. Five-week-old male BALB/c mice were fed a control diet containing 1.0% linoleic acid or a diet containing 0.5% CLA that replaced an equivalent amount of linoleic acid for 1 wk. The maximum swimming time until fatigue was significantly higher in the CLA-fed group than in the control group. During treadmill running, the respiratory exchange ratio was significantly lower in the CLA-fed group, but oxygen consumption did not differ significantly between groups, suggesting that FA contributed more as an energy substrate in the CLA-fed mice. The muscle lipoprotein lipase activity was significantly higher in the CLA-fed group than in the control group. These results suggest that CLA ingestion increases endurance exercise capacity by promoting fat oxidation during exercise.
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