Dissecting the role of the mitochondrial chaperone mortalin in Parkinson's disease: Functional impact of disease-related variants on mitochondrial homeostasis

Lena F. Burbulla, Carina Schelling, Hiroki Kato, Doron Rapaport, Dirk Woitalla, Carola Schiesling, Claudia Schulte, Manu Sharma, Thomas Illig, Peter Bauer, Stephan Jung, Alfred Nordheim, Ludger Schöls, Olaf Riess, Rejko Krüger

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

99 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The mitochondrial chaperone mortalin has been linked to neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) based on reduced protein levels in affected brain regions of PD patients and its interaction with the PDassociated protein DJ-1. Recently, two amino acid exchanges in the ATPase domain (R126W) and the substrate-binding domain (P509S) of mortalin were identified in Spanish PD patients. Here, we identified a separate and novel variant (A476T) in the substrate-binding domain of mortalin in German PD patients. To define a potential role as a susceptibility factor in PD, we characterized the functions of all three variants in different cellular models. In vitro import assays revealed normal targeting of all mortalin variants. In neuronal and non-neuronal human cell lines, the disease-associated variants caused a mitochondrial phenotype of increased reactive oxygen species and reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, which were exacerbated upon proteolytic stress. These functional impairments correspond with characteristic alterations of the mitochondrial network in cells overexpressing mutant mortalin compared with wild-type (wt), which were confirmed in fibroblasts from a carrier of the A476T variant. In line with a loss of function hypothesis, knockdown of mortalin in human cells caused impaired mitochondrial function that was rescued by wt mortalin, but not by the variants. Our genetic and functional studies of novel disease-associated variants in the mortalin gene define a loss of mortalin function, which causes impaired mitochondrial function and dynamics. Our results support the role of this mitochondrial chaperone in neurodegeneration and underscore the concept of impaired mitochondrial protein quality control in PD.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)4437-4452
ページ数16
ジャーナルHuman molecular genetics
19
22
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11 2010
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 分子生物学
  • 遺伝学
  • 遺伝学(臨床)

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