This work investigates the feasibility of using low-dimensional perovskites for electrically driven lasers given the current status of perovskite light-emitting diodes and optically pumped lasers. In our progress toward electrically driven lasers, we performed a variety of measurements on bulk and low-dimensional perovskite films to give a baseline for expectations. This included the measurement of amplified spontaneous emission, lasing, and near-infrared light-emitting diodes operated at low and high current density. We considered power density thresholds needed for amplified spontaneous emission and lasing and compared this to light-emitting diodes operated at high current density to speculate on the future of electrically driven perovskite lasers. We concluded that our current perovskite devices will need current densities of 4 to 10 kA/cm 2 to achieve lasing. Future devices will most significantly benefit from architectures that accommodate higher current, but meaningful reductions in threshold may also come from improved film quality and confinement.
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