A new method for electron backscatter diffraction ab initio indexing is reported that adopts several methods originally invented for powder indexing. Distribution rules of systematic absences and error-stable Bravais lattice determination are used to eliminate the negative influence of non-visible bands and erroneous information from visible bands. In addition, generalized versions of the de Wolff figures of merit are proposed as a new sorting criterion for the obtained unit-cell parameters, which can be used in both orientation determination and ab initio indexing from Kikuchi patterns. Computational results show that the new figures of merit work well, similar to the original de Wolff Mn. The ambiguity of the indexing solutions is also pointed out, which happens in particular for low-symmetry cells and may generate multiple distinct solutions even if very accurate positions of band centre lines and the projection centre are given. It is supposed that this is the reason why indexing was successful in an orthorhombic case but not in a triclinic cell.
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