As pain is an unpleasant experience, sensorial and emotional, it may possess a different meaning in a different society with its own culture and history. Pain in English has the meaning of punishment in the verbal origin. However, pain in Japanese, which is called "itami", means extraordinary state of something without containing the meaning of punishment. The Japanese who originally have view of life of empathy and assimilation with the nature, have tended not to regard the pain as the object being overcome. Thus, the Japanese may have been capable to give a unique message to the West, regarding the treatment of pain.
|ジャーナル||Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 5 1 2004|
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